i2web

Objectives

The I2Web Project developed prototypes in three application domains: Web 2.0, Ubiquitous and Mobile Web and IPTV/WebTV. The work is based on the latest Web accessibility and mobile Web standards. The main objectives were to:

  • develop user models based upon existing accessibility standards combined with an analysis of user requirements for people with special needs and older people in relation to ubiquitous Web 2.0 applications,
  • extend existing device models from the Mobile Web arena, to cope with the needs of other devices. The models will also include assistive technologies and mechanisms to modify themselves according to different user characteristics,
  • develop open information models and generic application abstractions, that can deal with information aggregation, Semantic Web and mobile/ubiquitous Web 2.0 systems,
  • implement feedback mechanisms of compliance results to be integrated into existing development environments, which will provide to users, developers, managers and commissioners information on accessibility and usability issues of their applications (this information will be integrated into their standard development workflow and will be implemented via Service Oriented Architecture components),
  • test, validate and demonstrate the developed frameworks and tools in different industrial software development environments, and
  • ensure the impact of the developed frameworks, by feeding the project results into relevant standardisation bodies, from which several of the consortium partners are members.

Outcome

  • semantic web technology model
  • A semantic device model
  • semantic user preferences model
  • A web compliance API
  • Evaluation of Accessibility Support and Integration (EASI) tool, which supports the creation of accessible websites and Web 2.0 applications. 
    • The EASI tools for developers are focused on understanding their mental models and language and integrating accessibility testing into the workflows they already undertake in their development processes.
       
    • Accessibility support and advice is focused at the level of web content, allowing developers to undertake both formative and summative evaluations of accessibility with the assistance of automatic and semi-automatic testing tools.

    • The EASI tools for web accessibility experts support evaluations of a user’s journey through a Web 2.0 application, and help them manage their testing practices to improve reliability throughout their evaluations.
    • The EASI tools to commissioners that allows them to track the accessibility of their Web 2.0 applications over time.  It allows them to have an overview of what pages are likely to cause users trouble in using a website, but provides that information abstracted away from the technical details of how the website was developed and tested.

Consortium

  • Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology FIT (Germany)
  • University of York (United Kingdom)
  • University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering
  • Hewlett-Packard (Italy)
  • The National Microelectronics Applications Centre (Ireland)
  • Public-i (United Kingdom)
  • Polymedia (Italy)
  • NCBI - Working for People with Sight Loss (Ireland)
  • Foundation for Assistive Technology (FAST) (United Kingdom)